Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the effects of TEACCH program (at home and school) in ASDs preschool children, on autism severity, adaptive functioning, language skills, children’s maladaptive behaviours and parental stress, compared to control group following a non-specific approach.
Methods: 15 subjects in the TEACCH group compared to 15 children receiving usual intervention and assessed for 4 times. Multiple measures of outcomes were used to address autism severity and behavioral profile.
Results: Both groups improved over time for autism severity, adaptive functioning, language skills, behavioral problems and parental stress. Significant changes were observed on ADOS classification from T0 to T3. The TEACCH group were decreased in Withdrawal, Problems in Pervasive Developmental and Attention deficit/hyperactivity, Internalizing and Total problems in CBCL subscales. Significant improvement were observed on “Parent-child difficult interaction” subscales of PSI-SF Questionnaire.
Conclusions: Findings suggest that a low intensity home and school TEACCH program may provide benefits to children with ASD, decreasing of autistic symptoms and/or reducing maladaptive behaviors. Furthermore a decrease of parental stress witness that an involvement of parents in the rehabilitation program is a crucial point that greatly contributes to treatment efficacy.
See more of: Treatment Trials: Behavioral Interventions
See more of: Prevalence, Risk factors & Intervention