Cultural and Structural Factors Underlying Diagnostic and Service Disparities Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Children in the U.S.

For individuals with ASD, access to early identification, diagnosis, services and supports can improve children’s developmental trajectories and increase opportunities for education and employment in adulthood (Kirby, Baranek, & Fox, 2016). However, numerous disparities have been identified in access to diagnosis and services for children from racial/ethnic minority backgrounds in the U.S. (Liptak et al., 2008). Children from racial/ethnic minority backgrounds are less likely to be referred for ASD diagnostic evaluations (Tek & Landa, 2012), receive ASD diagnoses later than non-minority White children (Mandell et al., 2002), and are less likely to access therapeutic services and supports (Magaña et al., 2013). Therefore, it is critical to understand the cultural and structural factors underlying these disparities to improve outcomes for racial/ethnically diverse children. In this panel, presentations will examine the cultural (e.g., language, values) and structural (e.g., therapy services, health insurance) factors that affect access to diagnosis and services among Latino, African-American, and Korean-American children/youth with ASD in the United States. This panel will characterize how families from diverse racial/ethnic cultures navigate structural systems and provide recommendations on steps to address disparities from infancy to young adulthood. This research will inform global approaches in minimizing disparities affecting individuals with ASD worldwide.
Saturday, May 4, 2019: 10:30 AM-12:30 PM
Room: 524 (Palais des congres de Montreal)
Panel Chair:
S. Vanegas
S. Magaña